sábado, 28 de febrero de 2015

"Journalism is a vocation, or calling--not a job.." says Jim McClure, editor of the york Daily Record

“Journalism is a vocation or calling – not a job – and it implies a special commitment, demands a certain lifestyle and carries a vision of a higher purpose,” says Jim McClure, editor of a lively daily newspaper in York, Pennsylvania. Surrounded by Pennsylvania Dutch farming communities,  York was the capital of the United States of America for nine months in 1777.

“The York Daily Record” follows on the footsteps of the “York Gazette and Daily,” known nationally and internationally during the 1960’s for questioning the Cold War, favoring civil rights and questioning the Vietnam War. Jaquematepress recently approached Mr. McClure to talk about the role of journalism in today’s troubled world. 

What brought you into the world of journalism?
My story is similar to that of many journalists. I started in high school as a sports stringer. Then in college, I found myself hanging around the newspaper office more than the chemistry lab.  I saw early on that the work journalists do is important – in fact, crucial. I don’t think enough is made about calling. I’ve written before: Journalism is a vocation or calling – not a job – and it implies a special commitment, demands a certain lifestyle and carries a vision of a higher purpose. I guess that also answers why I’m still in this business.
York appears to have a rich history of journalistic endeavor.

I did not grow up in York County, but I came to know The Gazette and Daily starting on about my first day here more than 25 years ago. This was the predecessor newspaper to the York Daily Record. For 55 years in the 20th century, The Gazette and Daily was owned by Jess Gitt, a lawyer turned newspaperman who was viewed as part of the far left. 

Is it true that he endorsed Henry Wallace's presidential campaign?

Yes. Gitt's newspaper endorsed Henry Wallace in 1948, one of two dailies in the U.S. to do so. The other? The Communist Daily Worker. He was branded as a personal journalist by Jim Higgins, one of his former editors.  Higgins explained to Neiman Reports  that Gitt’s newspaper reflected "an image in the likeness of J. W. Gitt - his personality, character, temperament, interests, convictions, and intellectual stance." 

A sort of heritage...

Indeed. The pluses and minuses of such an ownership at a newspaper 75 years after the heyday of personal journalism and the post-World War I advent of objective journalism are probably obvious. The notion is still out there that we’re way left of center at the Daily Record on our editorial pages – if not on all pages - because we happen to be in The Gazette and Daily’s lineage. We are more centrist in  our views, endorsing on our editorial page, for example, Republican and Democratic U.S. presidential candidates since 1984.

Some observers have criticized the Gazette for refusing to publish advertisement from certain sources, or for not backing the Goldwater campaign. What is your opinion? Should a newspaper have the right to decide what advertisements to publish or to support or not political candidates? 

Taking the last part first, a newspaper – and its digital arms – have readers of all political stripes. So to serve those readers, it should offer commentary – we’re talking opinion pages here - crossing the political spectrum. It seems obvious that one political strain can’t be right all the time. There are strengths – and weaknesses – in all political ideologies. So it seems for a newspaper to be independent, editors should have the ability to pick the right solution irrespective of political party expressing it. As for Goldwater advertising, what a collision of First Amendment rights! Gitt had the First Amendment right to refuse that advertising, which he exercised. But didn’t that fly in the face of his newspaper’s motto: ‘The news all the time without fear or favor, bias or prejudice?’
A great part of the Record's news activity is digital. Could we talk about that process?  Is it convenient from the economic point of view, from the reader's point of view, and what effect does it have on the role of the journalist?

We are owned by Digital First Media. That doesn’t mean Print Last. It means that print – the newspaper – is handled at its time in the news production cycle. Print remains important. But one of the practices of being Digital First is to publish to the web, mobile and social media first and then you take that content and produce it in the newspaper. That serves more readers because then you provide content for those who seek it out right now, as well as those who want it with their morning coffee. The fact is that more readers are seeing a particular piece of content than ever before – when you put that content on all the digital platforms and in print. As for journalists in the York Daily Record newsroom, we now have a deadline every second, 24-7.

Censorship has been haunting journalism since the collection and dissemination of news began and the recent events in France with the brutal attack against Charlie Hebdo put it into the highlight once again. Should a newspaper or magazine publish anything it considers appropriate or should it take social, cultural and political sensitivities into consideration? When can a piece of news be considered slander or insult and when a genuine investigation into a situation or the activities of a person or persons? Do you perceive any form of pressure from government or corporations in terms of your practice of journalism?

The censorship piece that we interact with most is a type of indirect censorship. That is, we often face undue resistance by local and state government when it comes to delivering information. We must resort to the Freedom of Information Act or the Pennsylvania Right to Know Act, which have been notoriously weak for decades. Pennsylvania has all these small municipalities – 72 of them in York County – so some are not equipped to freely deliver what they’re charged to do. Not that they’re inclined that way anyway. So we receive little pressure from government against publishing content. Government officials sometimes just don’t make it easy for us to gather the content in the first place.

Related to the problem of censorship is the growing competition with the digital media--which can respond to political interests, corporations or individuals and as yet is subject to very little control. Should there be some form of control concerning the propagation of lies or distortions of the truth, manipulation of graphic material (for example, use of photographs of a protest in one country to describe the situation in another) and what effect might that have on the democratic process?

I can tell you as a news organization that is fully involved in digital, the best practices of journalism remain in play. But we must be vigilant and constantly assess these practices. The news industry has installed various tools and technologies over the years that would allow some to cut corners on journalism ethics – the social media tool Twitter is one example - but the best news organizations have adapted and must continue to do so.

 How do you see the future of journalism in York, in the country or in the world? How will we be communicating in 3050?
 Well, we’re simply trying to figure out 2020. That’s a difficult enough target to figure out, but we’re thinking that video as a form of storytelling may predominate at that point.

Mr. McClure is chairman of the York County Heritage Trust’s Publications Committee and helps edit the Trust’s annual scholarly publication, “The Journal of York Heritage,” and other Trust publications. For example, Mary Hamilton’s “Rising From The Wilderness.” He has also served as general editor of the three-volume “250th Chronicles,” published in conjunction with the 250th anniversary of York County in 1999.

Bio and other information:

miércoles, 25 de febrero de 2015

Cuarta edicion de "Marzo, mujer y memoria" en Buenos Aires

            Usted es esposa, madre, senadora, investigadora, deportista, juez, escritora y le interesa la condición de la mujer en Argentina y en el mundo. Entonces habría que agendar la información sobre la cuarta edición de “Marzo, mujer y memoria,” que se realizara en Buenos Aires a partir del 6 de marzo con actividades que van desde teatro, música, clown, narración, cine y fotografía.
            Dicen los organizadoras: “Convocadas ante la necesidad de generar conciencia a través de un proyecto de compromiso en acción, el Auditorio Kraft CCNV, Mujeres de Arte Tomar, y con el apoyo del Ministerio de Cultura de la Nación, refugios donde conviven el arte y el pensamiento como generadores de profundos cambios sociales, elegimos el mes de Marzo, para realizar una variada programación sostenida por dos grandes ejes: el 8 de marzo, Dma Internacional de la Mujer y el 24 de marzo, Dma Nacional de la Memoria por la Verdad y la Justicia. En conmemoración de estas fechas emblemáticas, que condensan luchas por la ampliación de los derechos, proponemos una serie de acciones de formación, sensibilización, reflexión, representación y visibilizarían pública. Marzo, Mujer y Memoria es una apuesta a la integración entre los actos de pensar, decir, sentir y hacer.”
                La 4ª edición de Marzo, Mujer y Memoria, se realizara del 6 al 21 de Marzo de 2015 en el Auditorio Kraft, Casa Central de la Cultura Popular Villa 21 24 y otras sedes descentralizadas. Cabe destacar que la MARCHA DE LAS ESCOBAS sigue recorriendo la calle Florida, en una acción activista que reúne a más de 200 participantes. Motivadas por las luchas históricas de tantas mujeres, alzamos nuestras escobas y asumimos el momento presente: barremos la violencia de género, los dolores, las desigualdades
barremos para transformar cada símbolo de opresión en instrumento de vuelo y rebeldía
barremos para abrir paso a lo que somos, barremos para celebrar.

 PROGRAMACISN COMPLETA MMM 2015 / 4TA. EDICISN (Todas las actividades son con entrada libre y gratuita)
MARZO Viernes 6
Ingreso al Auditorio Kraft.
Florida 681 CABA
18:30 hs. ACCISN POITICA. Coordinan: Claudia Stella y Diana Tarnofky
Florida al 600 hacia Plaza San Martmn
19:00 HS. MARCHA DE LAS ESCOBAS (acción artivista) Direccion Clodet Garcma. Con la participation de TumMBanda (tambores urbanos en manos de mujeres feministas) y suelta de clowns dirigida por Leticia Torres
Escenario Plaza San Martin - Florida y San Martin - Retiro CABA
Desde las 19 hs. escenario a cielo abierto con MARIE ALVAREZ con el grupo Tras las Huellas y MALA MOZA. Mesa con material de difusión y concientización de la Coordinación del Comité Ejecutivo de lucha contra la Trata y Explotación de personas.
20:30 hs Apertura del ciclo MMM / Palabras de organziadoras y representante del Ministerio de Cultura
Cierre musical con VIVIANA SCALIZA

MARZO sabado 7

19:00 hs. Espacio Cafi Encuentro - Auditorio Kraft
ES HACIA MM QUE VOY (narracion) Norma Suzal
Ilustración: Pablo Fernández, Música: Felipe Geretto. Dirección: Gilda Sosa.
20:00 hs. Hall Auditorio Kraft
Brindis apertura ciclo MMM 2015 / Inauguración exposiciones
ELLAS QUIEREN CONTARNOS (pancartas) y Charla en Primera Persona del Min. de Cultura20:30 hs. Auditorio Kraft / Florida 681 - CABA
VARIETI DEGENERADA (clown) Direccisn: Leticia Torres

MARZO viernes 13
17:00 hs. Casa Central de la Cultura Popular Villa 21 24 (Av. Iriarte 3500. CABA)
LUZ EN LA PIEL - Muestra del Taller de fotografma de YoNoFui realizado con mujeres en situacisn de carcel
LUNAS CAUTIVAS - HSTORIAS DE MUJERES PRESAS documental de Marcia Paradiso. En una unidad penitenciaria, mas de 200 mujeres viven en prisisn. En este documental, se cuenta la historia de tres personajes principales, tres reclusas , tres poetas.
19:00 hs. Espacio Cafi Encuentro - Auditorio Kraft
PRESENTACISN DE LA REVISTA YO SOY a cargo de Cecilia Martinez Ruppel y/o Marma Medrano.
LECTURA DE POESIAS. Trabajos que surgen de Talleres realizados en la carcel de mujeres de Ezeiza coordinado por el colectivo YoNoFui y Proyecciones.
20:30 hs. Auditorio Kraft / Florida 681 – CABA EL MAPA DE MI MUNDO (teatro) Unipersonal de Rosi Jacomelli. Direccisn: Leticia Guimarces /// BRASIL

MARZO Sabado 14

19:00 hs. Espacio Cafi Encuentro - Auditorio Kraft
CARRETEL DE VOZ (narracisn) Claudia Stella
20:30 hs. Auditorio Kraft / Florida 681 - CABA
NACIDOS VIVOS (cine documental) Direccisn: Alejandra Perdomo
Mesa de dialogo / Identidad: Gabriela Jaime (asistente de direccisn y montajista de NV), Gisela de Bzsquedas, Viviana Scaliza (protagonista de NV), Lili Meier (narradora). Modera: Claudia Stella

MARZO Viernes 20

17:00 hs. Casa Central de la Cultura Popular Villa 21 24 (Av. Iriarte 3500. CABA)
PUJA, VENIR AL MUNDO de Valeria Alvarez, Ana Luz Sanz y Max Boniface (Fotografmas y cine documental sobre Parto Respetado - desde el 20 al 31 de marzo)
MADRE de Marcos Adandma (Fotografia - desde el 06 al 29 de marzo)
19:00 hs. Espacio Cafi Encuentro - Auditorio Kraft
LOS HILOS DE LA MEMORIA (narracion) Belin Torras.
Charla y libros con las autoras: Paula Bombara, Iris Rivera y Mercedes Perez Sabbi.
20:30 hs. Auditorio Kraft / Florida 681 - CABA
MAGDALENA O LA SALVACISN (teatro de objetos) -Pre Estreno- De Marguerite Yourcenar. Con Julieta Alfonso, actriz y Omayra Martinez Garzsn, actriz manipuladora. Dirección: Ana Alvarado.
Mesa de dialogo / Marisa Lis Fournier (socisloga, investigadora docente UNGS) , Carlos Fos (Historiador y antropslogo teatral) y Elenco.

MARZO sabado 21

19:00 hs. Espacio Cafi Encuentro - Auditorio Kraft
Variaciones sobre el libro DERIVAS DE LA LUZ - Microrrelatos en artes combinadas.
Fotos: Uri Gordon / Textos: Cintia Zaremsky
Narración: Maria Celina Robles, Diana Marina Gamarnik, Adriana Guzzo y Gabi Goldberg
Danza: Maria Paula Robles
Direccisn: Gabi Goldberg
20:30 hs. Auditorio Kraft / Florida 681 - CABA

Cierre del ciclo MMM 2015 / palabras de las organizadoras

Actividades complementarias de MMM. Lunes 16, martes 17, miércoles 18 y jueves 19 de marzo de 13 a 17 hs., Auditorio Kraft, Florida 681 Taller Teatro de Objetos/ Hibridaciones: OBJETO Y MEMORIA
Prof. Ana Alvarado Ejercitación e Investigación en Teatro Objetual a partir del concepto Objeto/Memoria
Participación GRATUITA con inscripción previa
Martes 17 de MARZO, 17:30 hs
Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento (Polvorines San Miguel) Inauguración exposición certamen fotográfico MUJERES Y DERECHOS. Charla con panelistas invitadas, Marisa Lis Fournier (Coordinadora de la Diplomatura en Ginero, politicas y Participation de la UNGS), Sandra Posadino y Claudia Quiroga (Mujeres de Artes Tomar).
STAFF: Produccisn: Auditorio KRAFT CCNV y Mujeres de Artes Tomar y Ministerio de Cultura de la Nacisn. Coordinacisn ticnica de sala y espacios CCNV: Noelia Testa Coordinacisn de programacisn: Sandra Posadino, Claudia Quiroga y Ministerio de Cultura de la Nacion Prensa y difusisn: Duche Zarate
Video y fotografia: 3 Clavos Grafica: qkvolpe@me.com